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Glossary beginning with D

Most addicts and family members seeking help or treatment, know very little in the way of unique terms and phrases connected to addiction treatment and or sobriety.
The Rehab Guide has compiled a unique addiction glossary to help those individuals learn the terms needed to understand mental health, addiction and recovery related terms.

d
Dialectical Behavior Therapy "DBT"search for term

Dialectical Behavior Therapy or (DBT) is the treatment most closely associated with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD)i.
Therapists often practice DBT in both individual and group sessions. The therapy combines elements of CBTi to help with regulating emotion through distress tolerance and mindfulness.
The goal of Dialectical Behavior Therapy is to alleviate the intense emotional pain associated with BPD.

See also: Borderline Personality Disorder
Deconditionsearch for term

"Deconditioni" is the unraveling of learned habits, which often come as part of an addiction.

Defensessearch for term

Defensesi, or "defense mechanisms," are automatic mental reactions that serve to protect against uncomfortable or unacceptable thoughts, feelings, and experiences. Commonly known examples are denial and rationalization.

Delusionssearch for term

Delusionsi are beliefs that are not based in reality. For example, delusions may be paranoid belief that someone is following or stalking you or grandiose belief that you are actually a from another planet, that you where born royalty, or believe you are a fairy, etc.

Dependencysearch for term

"Dependencyi" is simply the act of having become dependent – in the drug world, that means dependent upon or addicted to whatever substance is being used.
Much is being discussed about the subject of “people dependence” also, insofar as “codependency” is concerned, as being “codependent” with somebody else is generally seen as unhealthy and gives one the ability to continue more easily on their path of addiction.

Depressionsearch for term

"Depressioni" is the term used clinically to signal a mood disorder which keeps one in a “low” or depressed state of mind, usually seen as related to an imbalance of one or more of the neurotransmitter chemicals, especially dopamine, serotonin, and epinephrine.
The illness involves the body, mood, and thoughts, that affects the way a person eats and sleeps, the way one feels about oneself, and the way one thinks about things.
These imbalances are typically treated with a class of drugs known as “anti-depressives” – though doctors are not clear on exactly what the action in this class of drugs.

Depression anxiety search for term

A very normal expression in the psychiatric world called "Depressioni anxiety", A term especially used in the world where psychiatry and drug addiction cross paths and find people who are dually diagnosed for a mental illness and chemical dependency. Anxiety is a type of emotion that is classified with its own disorders, but frequently depression disorder is intricately tied in with feelings of anxiety.

Detoxsearch for term

"Detoxi" is the process of detoxifying the addict’s body, or getting off of drugs or alcohol and can last for 3 to 7 days. Often times acute phases of detox can extend for months, and it generally refers to getting all traces of chemical abuse out of the body entirely.

Diagnosis search for term

"Diagnosis" is an extremely important part of addiction and alcoholism as it would be with any medical condition that one can not overlook. A diagnosis should be made after a patient has had the time to get a full assessment by a medical professional, preferably a psychiatrist with an MD.
If addiction is “treated” without a full medical workup, it is probable that the underlying mental problems that led to the addiction in the first place will be missed, and if so, relapse probability approaches 100% pretty rapidly.

Dissociative Identity Disordersearch for term

Dissociative Identity Disorderi ranges from normal experiences of "spacing out," to more severe types in which people can "lose time." When this occurs, it can be an indication the individual has been through a severe traumatic experience.
For example: A child who experiences a traumatic event may develop different personalities to cope with the stress of the event.
These personalities may then emerge whenever the child experiences a stressful situation. Physicians use the term "Dissociative Identity Disorder" to describe the syndrome of multiple personalities. Individuals who experience dissociation may, or may not, be aware that the alternate personalities exist.
When dissociation becomes severe and affects normal psychological functioning, it may be considered a dissociative disorder.

Dopaminesearch for term

Dopaminei is a neurotransmitter, or chemical messenger in the brain. It has an important role in the experience of pleasure by activating "pleasure centers" in the brain. Alcohol and drug abuse can permanently change dopamine levels in the brain.

Drug addicts search for term

"Drug addicts" are people whose chronic use of a particular drug has drawn that person to
become seemingly dependent on the substance in question.

Drugssearch for term

"Drugsi" are substance that when ingested or inhaled can create a certain desired effect on the human body and mind.

Dry drunk search for term

A "dry drunk" is someone who has eliminated the physical act of drinking from his/her life, but
still may display outward actions as if he still under the physical influence of alcohol.

Dual diagnosis search for term

Dual diagnosis is a concept and a term that has been around since at least 1990. More and more treatment centers are subscribing to the dual diagnosis theory, but still nowhere near the amount of emphasis and effort has been put into this area by some treatment centers. Dual diagnosis is simply the reference to a person who has been diagnosed with two problems, such as depression and chemical dependence. This author believes that close to between 80% and 90% of all addicts would be diagnosed with depression or some sort of mental illness that could be found to be at the root of a cause of his or her addiction were they carefully assessed by an addiction savvy psychiatrist. Treating somebody for alcoholism or addiction without assessing them carefully for a mental disorder is ludicrous, and this author would go so far as to say it was negligent treatment. If you don’t catch the mental illness that drove the patient to take the drug to make him/her more comfortable because of a mental discomfort in the first place, you will never be able to control the addiction. Dual diagnosis is one of the most important theories of addiction to pay special attention to today, in my humble opinion.

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