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Detox

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Detoxi is the first step in a comprehensive drug or alcohol rehab program that offers all the tools required for recovery.
The focus of detoxification is physiological healing after long-term drug addiction – first, through stabilization and then through detoxification.
According to the National Institute on Drug Abusei (NIDA), after patient stabilization, the focus of detox is on the processes of the body as it rids itself of the drug of choice and treating the withdrawal symptoms that result.

While detox is not a whole treatment for drug addiction because addiction is both psychological and physical in nature, it is imperative that patients undergo psychotherapeutic treatment to address the issues of cravings and changes that were made in the brain by chronic abuse of the drugs. Detox alone may help the patient to stop abusing drugs and alcohol, but without follow-up care and treatment and  therapy, relapse will soon follow and a return to full-blown addictive behavior is not far behind.

The first hours and days of detoxification can be intense for many patients, and medical and psychiatric staff members will be on hand constantly to provide effective support. Any number of issues can come up for patients in their first few hours of detox and the most urgent need will be addressed first followed by the next and the next until full stabilization has been established.

Some examples of possible issues include:

  • Violence
  • Psychosisi
  • Self Injury
  • Medical Illness
  • Suicidal tendencies

The length of addiction

  • The combination of drugs abused, including alcohol
  • The dose of the drug of choice at the time that the patient enters detox
  • The existence of co-occurring physical or mental disorders

 
According to the Addictioni study, common withdrawal symptoms that affect patients no matter what their drug of choice include:

  • Mood disturbances. This can mean mood swings, irritability and/or agitation.
  • Sleep disturbances. Insomnia despite intense fatigue is common.
  • Physical issues. These may include chills, sweating, tremors or shaking, flu-like symptoms including runny nose and headache, nausea and vomiting.
  • Cravingsi. The desire to use the drug of choice in order to stop the withdrawal symptoms is strong.

 
Common Types of Detox

  • Alcohol Detox
  • Outpatient Detox
  • Inpatient Detox
  • Opiate Detox
  • Heroin Detox
  • Oxycontin Detox
  • Percoceti Detox
  • Vicodini Detox
  • Xanaxi Detox

 
Duration of Drug Detox
Drug detox will last as long as the withdrawal symptoms and for as long as it takes for the patient to stabilize physically and mentally, according to NIDA. In addition to stopping the abuse of addictive substances safely and supporting the patient through withdrawal symptoms, another goal of detox is to help prepare the patient physically and mentally for the work that lies ahead in therapy. 

Medications used during Detox:

  • Buprenorphine
  • Methadone
  • Naltrexone
  • Acamprosate
  • Disulfiram

 

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